Global Regulatory Approval of Colors

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INS No. JECFA Name US Name 21 CFR Section EU Name E No. EINECS No. CAS No. CI Name CI No. Other Common Synonyms
100(i) Curcumin Turmeric oleoresin 73.615 Curcumin E100  207-280-5 Natural Yellow 3 75300 Turmeric Yellow; Diferoyl Methane; Kurkum
100(ii) Turmeric Turmeric 73.600 coloring food stuff
101(i) Riboflavin, synthetic Riboflavin 73.450 Riboflavin E101(i) 201-507-1 83-88-5 Lactoflavin; Vitamin B2
101(ii) Riboflavin 5′-phosphate sodium Riboflavin-5’-phosphate E101(ii) 204-988-6 130-40-5 Riboflavin 5′-phosphate ester monosodium salt, Vitamin B2 phosphate ester monosodium salt
101(iii) Riboflavin from Bacillus subtilis 83-88-5 Vitamin B2; lactoflavin
102 Tartrazine FD&C Yellow No. 5 74.705 Tartrazine E102 217-699-5 1934-21-0 Food Yellow 4 19140
104 Quinoline yellow Quinoline yellow E104 305-897-5 80583-08-0 Food Yellow 13 47005
110 Sunset yellow FCF FD&C Yellow No. 6 74.706 Sunset Yellow FCF E110 220-491-7 2783-94-0 Food Yellow 3 15985 Orange Yellow S
120 Carmines Cochineal extract; Carmine 73.100 Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines E120 Natural Red 4 75470 Cochineal carmine
122 Azorubine Azorubine; Carmoisine E122 222-657-4 3567-69-9 Food Red 3 14720
123 Amaranth Amaranth E123 213-022-2 915-67-3 Food Red 9 16185 Naphtol Rot S.
124 Ponceau 4R Ponceau 4R; Cochineal Red A E124 220-036-2 2611-82-7 Food Red 7 16255 New Coccine; Brilliant Scarlet
127 Erythrosine FD&C Red No. 3 74.303 Erythrosine E127 240-474-8 16423-68-0 Food Red 14 45430
129 Allura red AC FD&C Red No. 40 74.340 Allura Red AC E129 247-368-0 25956-17-6 Food Red 17 16035
131 Patent blue V Patent Blue V E131 222-573-8 3536-49-0 Food Blue 5 42051
132 Indigotine FD&C Blue No. 2 74.102 Indigotine; Indigo Carmine E132 212-728-8 860-22-0 Food Blue 1 73015
133 Brilliant blue FCF FD&C Blue No. 1 74.101 Brilliant Blue FCF E133 223-339-8 3844-45-9 Food Blue 2 42090
140 Chlorophylls Chlorophylls E140(i) 215-800-7  1406-65-1 Natural Green 3 75810 Magnesium Chlorophyll; Magnesium Phaeophytin
Chlorophyllins E140(ii) 287-483-3 85536-03-4 Natural Green 5 75815 Sodium Chlorophyllin; Potassium Chlorophyllin
141(i) Chlorophylls, copper complexes Copper complexes of chlorophylls E141(i) Natural Green 3 75810 Copper chlorophyll; copper phaeophytin
141(ii) Chlorphyllins, copper complexes, potassium and sodium salts Sodium Copper Chlorophyllin 73.125 Copper complexes of chlorophyllins E141(ii) Natural Green 5 75815 Potassium copper chlorophyllin
142 Green S Green S E142 221-409-2 3087-16-9 Food Green 4 44090 Brilliant Green BS; Food Green S
143 Fast Green FCF FD&C Green No. 3 74.203 2353-45-9 Food Green 3 42053
150a Caramel I – plain caramel  Caramel  73.85 Plain caramel E150a  232-435-9  8028-89-5 Caustic caramel
150b Caramel II – sulfite caramel Caustic sulphite caramel E150b
150c Caramel III-ammonia caramel Ammonia caramel E150c
150d Caramel IV – sulfite ammonia caramel Sulphite ammonia caramel E150d
151 Brilliant black Brilliant Black BN; Black PN E151 219-746-5 2519-30-4 Food Black 1 28440  Brilliant black PN
153 Vegetable carbon Vegetable carbon E153  231-153-3  7440-444-0 Vegetable black
155 Brown HT Brown HT E155  224-924-0 4553-89-3 Food Brown 3 20285 Chocolate brown HT
160a (i) Beta-Carotene, synthetic Beta-Carotene  73.95 Beta-Carotene E160a(i) 230-636-6 7235-40-7 Food Orange 5 40800
160a(ii) Carotenes (vegetable) Carrot oil 73.300 Plant Carotenes  E160a(ii)  75130 Natural beta-carotene; carotenes-natural; mixed carotenes
160a(iii) beta-Carotene from Blakeslea trispora Beta-Carotene 73.95 Beta-Carotene from Blakeslea trispora  E160a(iii)  40800
160a(iv) Carotenes (Algae)  Algal Carotenes  E160a(iv)  75130 Natural Beta-carotene; carotenes-natural
160b Annatto extract  73.30 Annatto, Bixin, Norbixin E160b 215-735-4 1393-63-1 Natural Orange 4 75120  Orlean; Terre orellana; L. Orange
160b(i) Annatto extracts (Solvent-extracted bixin) Solvent-extracted bixin and norbixin E160b(i) 215-735-4 (annatto); 289-561-2 (annatto seed extract); 230-248-7 (bixin) 6983-79-5 Annatto B
160b(ii) Annatto extracts(solvent-extracted norbixin) 542-40-5 (cis-Norbixin); 33261-80-2 (cis-Norbixin dipotassium salt); 33261-81-3 (cis-Norbixin disodium salt) Annatto C
Alkali-extracted annatto E160b(ii) 542-40-5; 33261-81-3
Oil extracted annatto E160b(iii)
Paprika 73.340 coloring food stuff
160c(ii) Paprika extract Paprika oleoresin 73.345 Paprika extract, Capsanthin, Capsorubin E160c 207-364-1 (capsanthin); 207-425-2 (Capsorubin)  465-42-9 (Capsanthin); 470-38-2 (capsorubin)
160d(i) Lycopene (synthetic) Synthetic lycopene E160d(i) 207-949-1 502-65-8 Natural Yellow 27 75125 Lycopene from chemical synthesis
160d(ii) Lycopene extract from tomato Tomato lycopene extract; tomato lycopene concentrate  73.585 Lycopene from red tomatoes E160d(ii)  Lycopene (tomato)
160d(iii) Lycopene from Blakeslea trispora Lycopene from Blakeslea trispora E160d(iii)
160e beta-apo-8′-Carotenal Beta-Apo-8’-carotenal 73.90 Beta-apo-8’-carotenal (C30) E160e  214-171-6 1107-26-2 Food Orange 6 40820
161b(i) Lutein from Tagetes erecta  Lutein E161b 204-840-0 127-40-2 Vegetable lutein; vegetable luteol
161b(ii) Tagetes extract Xanthophylls; Bo-Xan
161g Canthaxanthin Canthaxanthin 73.75 Canthaxanthin E161g 208-187-2 514-78-3 Food Orange 8 40850
162 Beet Red Dehydrated beets (beet powder) 73.40 Beetroot Red, Betanin E162 231-628-5 7659-95-2
163 Anthocyanins Anthocyanins E163 208-438-6 (cyanidin); 205-125-6 (peonidin); 208-437-0 (delphinidin); 211-403-8 (malvidin); 205-127-7 (pelargonidin); 215-849-4 (petunidin) 11029-12-2
163(ii) Grape skin extract Grape Skin Extract (enocianina) 73.170  Eno
 163(iii) Blackcurrant extract 6906-38-3
Grape color extract 73.169
170(i) Calcium carbonate Calcium Carbonate E170 207-439-9 471-34-1 Pigment White 18 77220 Chalk
171 Titanium dioxide Titanium Dioxide 73.575 Titanium Dioxide E171 236-675-5 13463-67-7 Pigment White 6 77891 Titania
172 Iron oxides Synthetic Iron Oxide 73.200 Iron oxides and hydroxides E172
172(i) Iron oxide black 235-442-5 1317-61-9 Pigment Black 11 77499
172(ii) Iron oxide red 215-168-2 1309-37-1 Pigment Red 101 and 102 77491
172(iii) Iron oxide yellow 257-098-5 51274-00-1 Pigment Yellow 42 and 43 77492
173 Aluminium powder Aluminum E173 231-072-3 7429-90-5 Pigment Metal 77000
176 Potassium aluminum silicate-based pearlescent pigments(Types I-III) Mica-based pearlescent pigments 73.350 E171 with E555
579 Ferrous Gluconate Ferrous gluconate 73.160 Ferrous gluconate E579 206-076-3 299-29-6
  Saffron Saffron 73.500 coloring food stuff  27876-94-4 (crocetin); 42553-65-1 (crocin) Natural Yellow 6 75100 Crocus, French Saffron, Spanish Saffron, Safraan, Keshar
Vegetable Juice 73.260 coloring food stuff
Fruit Juice 73.250 coloring food stuff
Spirulina extract 73.530 coloring food stuff

Specifications for manufacturing conditions and purity criteria may differ between regions so one must consult the applicable CFR, FCC and 231/2012/EC as amended (http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/fAEF/additives/specifications_en.htm ) to assure compliance in the USA and/or EU as applicable.